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Frid, Grigori

Grigori Frid first began his musical studies in Irkutsk, completing them in 1935 at the Moscow Conservatory in the composition class of Heinrich Litinski and Vissarion Schebalin. From 1936 until 1939 he taught music theory there and from 1947 until 1961 composition at the Music School of the Conservatory. Since its founding in 1965 he has organised and led the Moscow “Music Club,” where seminars and concerts regularly take place.

The music of Shostakovich, Stravinsky, Schönberg and Berg was decisive for Frid’s compositional confrontation with the music of the 20th century. In his works, serial and tonal procedures exist side by side, frequently combined with leitmotiv and cluster techniques. Frid’s predilection for dark timbres and elegiac mood images is striking. In his chamber operas, which have attained worldwide renown, he deals with the spiritual hardships of his main characters with great sensitivity, as well as moral questions of humanity.

Grigori Frid died on 22 September 2012 in Moscow.